Anatomy Of A Simple Sentence In English Language

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What Constitute A Simple Sentence?

A simple sentence can be described or defined as:
1) a group of words which expresses a complete idea or thought
2) one that contains only one finite verb (we will talk about finite verbs in later sessions)
3) one that convey any of the following expressions:

  • Making an assertion or a statement
  • Asking a question
  • Giving a command or making a request
  • Making an exclamation

Any group of words which has those 3 characteristics can be considered as a simple sentence. (Do not confuse with a complex sentence, which will be discussed in a later session)

a) Mr Daniel teaches French class. – {Statement}
b) Do you understand me? – {Question}
c) Shut that door. – {Command}
d) Please subscribe to my blog. – {request}
e) Keep quiet you fool! – {Exclamation}

Further Glance At A Simple Sentence

A sentence comprises of 2 parts:
1) A subject – what we are speaking about
2) A predicate – what we say about the subject

Consider the following sentences:
Wakish loves blogging.
Blogging is a platform.
Darren makes his own video.
The video pleases most bloggers.

Now, separating the above sentences into subjects and predicates

Subjects & Predicates

Subject - Part SPredicate - Part P
Wakishloves blogging
Bloggingis a platform
Darrenmakes his own videos
The videospleased most bloggers

As you can see:
=> In part S, there is a person or things that we are talking about – This is the Subject
=> In part P, we convey the idea of ‘what we say about that person or thing‘ – These group of words form the Predicate

Order Of Subject And Predicate In A Sentence

1) In statements – The subject generally precedes the predicate, but however this order may also be reversed under certain context, like in poetry for instance
2) In commands – The subject is generally omitted
3) In questions – The subject usually comes after the predicate or part of the predicate
4) In exclamations – The subject is occasionally placed after the predicate (e.g: So beautiful is this girl!)

The Complete Anatomy Of A Simple Sentence

simple sentence
In the above sentence, we see that the verb (‘makes’) expresses an action that is passed over from the subject (‘Darren’) to something else (‘the videos’). The receiver of that action is called the object.

So, we can now further break down a simple sentence as:

Subject + Verb + Object

Bloggingisa platform
Darrenmakeshis own video
The videopleasesmost bloggers

Simple Sentence == Subject + Verb + Object

Valuable Feedback / Comment / Review From People Like You

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  3. Joseph Jacob says:

    I love it. A Wonderful defnition.

  4. Milan B.C. says:

    thanks alot

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